"School" is a term that in this case has nothing to do with a uniform style or a common program that is subject to precise rules. Most of the members of the School of Paris were artists with strong personalities who travelled to the French capital between 1905 and 1915 in search of the creative freedom they were lacking in their places of origin. The concept of Art as a universal language capable of achieving understanding among men is the group’s basis.
Modigliani, Soutine, Tobiasse, Chagall and Fujita are a few of the names that are included in this hodgepodge collection. For all of them, Paris had a mythical aura with regard to the investigation of new creative paths, and there they also found the solidarity that would save so many of them from poverty. They lived in Montparnasse, and they met at cafes to talk together and exchange ideas. At these cafes they also wound up forming friendships with the gallery owners and art patrons who make them so famous all over the world.
Special mention should be given to the so-called Second School of Paris that between 1920 and 1940 drew numerous artists together around Picasso and Gargallo. Most of them had come from Spain. They were also motivated by the search for new pictorial languages and a less stifling political climate. Antoni Clavé, Francisco Bores, Hernando Viñes, Ismael González de la Serna, Ginés Parra and Manuel Ángeles Ortiz were notable members of this group.