Abstraction is the fundamental change that took place in the Art world during the twentieth century. Until then, the goal of all artists was to capture external reality in a more or less subjective manner, but with Abstraction, each work is endowed with an autonomous language, and the artist makes his interior world known by means of material values.
It was not a spontaneously produced change. Currents such as Fauvism or Expressionism had already initiated the deformation of reality and the dissolution of the figure in favor of color and plastic materials. Impressionism also heralded to some extent this radical change of concept.
But the real father of Abstraction was Wassily Kandinsky. From the German Expressionism of “The Blue Horseman” group at the beginning of the century, he evolved towards a language that used color and geometry to express successive moods as is done in a musical composition.
In the last one hundred years Abstraction has followed very diverse paths, from its geometric variety to a lyrical one. All of them contribute nuances to a single concept of Art, more interested in a person’s interior being than in his or her surroundings. There are also numerous contemporary movements that are rooted in the abstract concept. From Neoplatisticism to Informalism, and including all of the Second Vanguard currents.